Carbohydrases help break down sugar, starch and other carbs into simple sugars that the body uses primarily for energy production. Carbohydrates are generally ingested in the form of simple sugars, disaccharides and complex carbohydrates. Carbohydrates contribute about 45 percent of dietary calories, with the majority coming from plant starches. Common carbohydrates include: sucrose (plant sugar; common table sugar); lactose (milk sugar); starch (plant carbohydrate storage molecule); glycogen (animal carbohydrate storage molecule). Brain cells rely almost exclusively on the availability of glucose for energy.
Common carbohydrases include:
• Amylase, Diastase, Glucoamylase: work together for optimal starch digestion
• Invertase: breaks down table sugar, yielding free fructose and glucose
• Lactase: hydrolyzes milk sugar, lactose, yielding glucose and galactose
• a-Galactosidase: breaks down complex carbohydrates found in grains, legumes and cruciferous vegetables
Thank you for singing up with The Enzyme Education Institute. Please fill out the forms below. You will receive an email confirming that you’ve signed up with The Enzyme Education Institute.
You must signup or login to view this content.